The previous famous Oscars / Les Oscars célèbres précédents : Oskar Schindler

Oskar Schindler (28 April 1908 – 9 October 1974) was an ethnic German industrialist born in Moravia. He is credited with saving almost 1,200 Jews during the Holocaust by employing them in his enamelware and ammunitions factories, which were located in what is now Poland and the Czech Republic respectively. He is the subject of the novel Schindler’s Ark, and the film based on it, Schindler’s List.

Schindler’s List (Schindler’s Ark)

Schindler’s story, retold by Holocaust survivor Poldek Pfefferberg, was the basis for Thomas Keneally’s book Schindler’s Ark (the novel was published in America as Schindler’s List), which was adapted into the 1993 movie Schindler’s List by Steven Spielberg. In the film, he is played by Liam Neeson, who was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor for his portrayal. The film won seven Oscars, including the Academy Award for Best Picture. The prominence of Spielberg’s film introduced Schindler into popular culture. As the film is the sole source of most people’s knowledge of Schindler, he is generally perceived much as Spielberg’s film depicts him: as a man who was instinctively driven by profit-driven amorality, but who at some point made a silent but conscious decision that preserving the lives of his Jewish employees was imperative, even if requiring massive payments to induce Nazis to turn a blind eye. 

 
Oskar Schindler (né le 28 avril 1908 à Zwittau-Brinnlitz en Moravie[1] et mort le 9 octobre 1974 à Hildesheim, en Allemagne) était un industriel allemand qui a sauvé durant l’Holocauste 1 200 personnes en les faisant travailler dans sa fabrique d’émail et de munitions située en Pologne (actuellement en République tchèque). Sa vie a été le sujet d’un roman de Thomas Keneally et d’un film de Steven Spielberg. Il est enterré au cimetière chrétien du Mont Sion à Jérusalem.
 
La liste de Schindler  

Un film réalisé par Steven Spielberg sorti en 1993 retrace son histoire durant la Seconde Guerre mondiale et les méthodes qu’il a employées pour sauver des juifs : La Liste de Schindler. Ce film a remporté 7 oscars dont celui de meilleur film et meilleur réalisateur ainsi que toutes les principales récompenses dans la catégorie meilleur film, ainsi qu’un nombre exceptionnel de prix. Parmi eux : 7 british Academy Awards, un Christoper Awards et 3 Golden Globes. La Liste de Schindler a été désigné meilleur film par : the New York Film Critics Circle, the National Society of Films Critics, the National Board of Review, the Producers Guild, the Los Angeles Films Critics, the Chicago, Boston and Dallas Film Critics. Steven Spielberg a également été récompensé par the Directors Guild of America Awards.

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